Cuando los drones vienen cayendo

Publicado en por Ivonne Leites. - Atea y sublevada.

 
 

LOS DRONES…..¿SIRVEN PARA ALGO?

Cuando los drones vienen cayendo

  

9 de diciembre de 2011

Autor: William Yohai

 

El protagonista de este capítulo se llama RQ-170 Sentinel. Y es un UAV o, en español, vehículo aéreo no tripulado.

Dice que dicen, los que supuestamente saben, que es “lo más de lo más” de la tecnología de espionaje yanki.

Hace algunos días las noticias comenzaron a circular: un aparato ultra sofisticado de estos habría sido derribado sobre Iran.

Horas, o algún día después, algún vocero imperial reconoció que un avión tipo UAV había sido derribado sobre Irán. Afirmaba, por supuesto, que prestaba servicio de inteligencia sobre Afghanistán y que se había desviado de su curso.

La verdad fue apareciendo de a poco.

Ayer, un artículo del New York Times reconoció que el uso de ese tipo de aparatos no tenía sentido en Afghanistán. Allí no hay tecnología para derribar aviones; y este RQ-170 es precisamente un ejemplar que reúne toda la tecnología para evitar la detección por radares y el consecuente derribo por la artillería antiaérea.

¿Qué sentido tiene, entonces, decía NYT usar estos aparatos contra los Talibanes, que pelean con viejos fusiles AK, algún lanzacohetes portátil y bombas caseras?

Irán, por su parte dijo desde el principio que el avión espía volaba en misión sobre su territorio y que había sido derribado por sus defensas antiaéreas.

Hoy la historia termina por conocerse: Irán muestra, con justificado orgullo, la pieza de última teconología íntegra, casi como salida de fábrica.

Y da su versión final de los hechos: el avión “cayó en una trampa tendida por la defensa electónica iraní”. O sea, tomaron el control del aparato y lo hicieron aterrizar en su territorio. Hasta la BBC, lambeta infinita del imperio, ha debido reconocer que probablemente la versión Iraní sea cierta.

Ahora la CIA, que es la operadora de estos aparatos, se encuentra en un dilema: ¿tendrá sentido seguirlos usando contra un enemigo potencial que los puede manejar a su antojo?

Porque, aparte del fiasco político (al fin y al cabo invadir el espacio aéreo de otro país es una violación de la ley internacional, por poco que ésta pueda valer en estos días), existe un desastre técnico. Irán tendrá todo el tiempo del mundo para destripar el aparato y realizar el “reverse engineering” o sea, el análisis de las tecnologías utilizadas y eventualmente su reproducción.

Y, si Irán tiene limitaciones para hacerlo, otras potencias (China y Rusia se mencionan como candidatas) no tendrán empacho en darle una manito.
Pero este episodio pone sobre el tapete un planteo esencial:

COMO SIEMPRE SOSTUVO LA TEORÍA MILITAR REVOLUCIONARIA: LA GUERRA ES UN ASUNTO ESENCIALMENTE HUMANO.  Toda la teconología del mundo no puede sustituir al hombre (y a la mujer, faltaba más) en el terreno.

Por suerte……

 

 

 

8 December 2011 Last updated at 17:54 GMT

Why Iran's capture of US drone will shake CIA

-cid_869B47D48D234E25B34BF488B30CFA23-e2180.jpgBy Frank Gardner BBC security correspondent

-cid_D39C2BDE17BD4C30A7A9DCDA5ECE9218-e2180.jpgThe drone, shown here on Iranian television, appears to be in very good condition

Continue reading the main story

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Bat-winged, high-flying and hard to detect, America's RQ-170 Sentinel plane is the perfect stealth drone for peering into another country's secret sites without being caught.

One was used in May to feed back live footage of the US Navy Seal raid on Osama Bin Laden's compound in Pakistan.

So probably not the sort of hardware the CIA would ever like to fall into the hands of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps? Oops.

On 4 December, around 140 miles inside Iran from its border with Afghanistan, that is exactly what has happened.

On Thursday afternoon, Iran displayed its captured trophy on TV, apparently perfectly intact and, according to the Iranian media, Russian and Chinese military intelligence officials are taking a keen interest in it.

Opinion is divided on how this hi-tech intelligence-gathering drone fell into "the wrong hands" and, indeed, what it was doing inside Iran.

Built by Lockheed Martin, unveiled at Kandahar Airbase in 2009 and capable of flying at an altitude of up to 50,000ft (15.2km), this Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) carries no missiles, unlike the larger, lethal drones, the Predator and the Reaper, that also fly from bases in Afghanistan.

The US says simply that its Sentinel had a malfunction, but the plane is supposed to have a failsafe back-up system that automatically steers it back to base if contact is lost with its controller.

Sophisticated sensors

The base in this case is Shindand in western Afghanistan, a former Soviet airbase from where US-operated drones are used to monitor the movements of Taliban insurgents and smugglers along the long border with Iran.

-cid_65FC79D536B1483CBC25B4663CB56A00-e2180.jpgThe RQ-170 Sentinel drone was built by Lockheed Martin

But speculation is rife that this particular aircraft was flying deep inside Iran to gather intelligence and real-time video footage of Iran's nuclear sites.

It was carrying an array of sophisticated sensors that will be of great interest to Iran and other countries.

If, as was originally thought, the Sentinel had been shot down then there would have been little to put on display but a pile of twisted wreckage.

Instead, what was on show on Iranian TV was an immaculate gleaming white drone that looked straight off the production line.

Continue reading the main story

“Start Quote

In the CIA Directorate of Intelligence at Langley, Virginia, eyes will be rolling skywards as analysts work out the long-term damage to US intelligence”

Which tends to back up the claim by Iran that its forces brought down the drone through electronic warfare, in other words that it electronically hijacked the plane and steered it to the ground.

On Thursday, the Commander of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) Aerospace Force Brig-Gen Amir Ali Hajizadeh said "through precise electronic monitoring it was known that this plane had the objective of penetrating the country's skies for espionage purposes.

"After entering the country's eastern space the plane was caught in an electronic ambush by the armed forces and it was brought down on the land with minimum damage."

This affair is both a political embarrassment and an intelligence setback for Washington.

It is also unlikely to help those countries like Britain that are trying to obstruct and delay what they suspect is an Iranian nuclear weapons programme - a programme Tehran denies.

Iran has now formally complained about the US intrusion into its airspace and asked for compensation.

In the CIA Directorate of Intelligence at Langley, Virginia, eyes will be rolling skywards as analysts work out the long-term damage to US intelligence.

Not only must they accept that some of their most successful and useful surveillance technology is now in the hands of the very people they were using it on, they will also have to think very carefully before sending anything else into Iranian airspace.

Above all, they must be asking: does Iran really have the capacity to intercept transmissions between our stealth drones and our controllers on the ground?

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